Infant Care Goals

Infant-Preschool Classroom Goals & Objectives

Infant Classroom Milestones

6 weeks-18 months

All children in our infant classroom will meet each milestone at different developmental paces. These goals are guidelines to know when most infants meet these milestones.

Age: Newborn-3 months old

  • Grasp rattle
  • Hands fisted (1-2 months)
  • Less fisted (3 months)
  • Startle reflex
  • Can hear sounds and recognize his mother’s voice (1month)
  • May begin to turn his body from side to side,
  • Begins to control the movement of his head
  • Begins to respond to you by smiling and making sounds
  • Follows moving objects and lights


Age: 4-7 months old

  • Rolls from side to side
  • Begins to lift his head and chest when placed on his stomach
  • Sits with support for a short time
  • Puts objects in his mouth
  • Puts hands together
  • Begins to screech and laugh
  • Infants vision is good enough to see small details
  • Begins to try to turn head and eyes toward sounds and familiar voices
  • Begins to lift his arms to come to you
  • Stays up when placed in a sitting position (6 months)
  • Sits up on his own (6 months)
  • Shows interest in beginning to crawl (6 months)
  • Shows interest in trying to pull self up on things (6 months)
  • Likes to play with his image in a mirror


Age:8-11 months old

  • Crawls or begins to crawl
  • Pulls self to a standing position
  • Waves “bye- bye”
  • Pushes away things that doesn’t want
  • Cries when away from his mother
  • Looks at picture books
  • Begins to finger-feed self (9months)
  • Passes an object from one hand to the other
  • Responds to own name
  • Loves to explore own environment
  • Shows likes and dislikes

Age:12-14 months old

  • Loves to play with toys, or play pat-a-cake and “peek-a-boo”
  • May be able to stand alone, walk or squat down
  • May obey simple commands such as “no”
  • Begins to bang two blocks held in her hands
  • Say “Mama” and “Dada” to parents and imitate words
  • Learning to express themselves but may get frustrated and cry


Age:15-18 months old

  • Says one or more words
  • Likes to imitate activities
  • Walks well; stoops and recovers objects from the floor
  • Likes to play with other children
  • Begins to use words to make his wants known
  • Points to a few body parts


Goals for children 16-18 months old

These goals are intended to help children transition into the toddler classroom more smoothly.

  • Working on counting 1-3
  • Exposing the children to sensory (flubber and play dough) and finger painting activities
  • Working on hand-eye coordination when feeding self with a spoon
  • Working on hand-eye coordination when drinking out of a regular cup (17 months old)
  • Introducing a more structured circle time trying to get the children to sit and listen to books and songs for 5 minutes
  • Introducing the children to sitting in a chair during circle time (17 months old)
  • Beginning to learn the basic body parts (eye, mouth, nose, ears)
  • Encouraging an expanding vocabulary, talking in 2 word sentences



Goals for the Two-Year Old Class

Social Skills

Children are encouraged to develop their ability to interact with peers and adults including:

  •  Engaging happily in solitary and parallel play
  •  Participating in group activities
  •  Learning and following classroom routines and rules
  •  Learning to share and take turns
  •  Beginning to show empathy and caring for others

Language Skills

Children are encouraged to develop listening and speaking skills including:

  • Using words to communicate
  • Beginning to speak in complete sentences
  • Building vocabulary
  • Understanding and following directions
  • Understanding and answering questions
  • Listening with interest to stories

Mathematics Skills

Children are encouraged to develop age appropriate mathematical skills including:

  • Becoming familiar with concepts of number and quantity
  • Becoming familiar with shapes and patterns
  • Developing number recognition

Scientific Thinking

Children are encouraged to learn about their environment through observing, questioning and describing as they engage in activities such as:

  • Colors
  • Kitchen Science
  • Magnets
  • Planting
  • Water Play

The Arts

Children are encouraged to develop an appreciation of the arts through active engagement including:

  • Expressing imagination, creativity and resourcefulness through art, music and drama
  • Singing as part of the classroom routine
  • Developing listening skills using different kinds of music
  • Exploring a variety of art materials in creative ways
  • Exploring sensory and gross motor activities

Physical Skills

Children are encouraged to develop fine and gross motor skills through age appropriate activities and play.

3 Year old Objectives

3 Year Old Program Objectives

During the school year, each of the objectives below will be addressed during the course of the daily instruction and activities:


  • Learn to function as part of a group—share, take turns, etc.
  • Learn to follow routines—help with cleaning up, sit in “circle,” etc.
  • Learn to follow directions
  • Gain independence in self-help
  • Learn to care for personal needs
  • Become self-motivated in initiating activities
  • Listen attentively to stories
  • Begin playing with other children
  • Problem solve
  • Become comfortable with adults
  • Express displeasure verbally rather than physically
  • Learn to separate from parent easily
  • Creative Arts
  • -Experiment with a variety of art mediums (paint, fingerpaint, glue, paper, etc.)
  • -Begin to use creativity in art
  • -Music
  • -Learn simple songs and musical games
  • -Do rhythmic activities
  • -Do body movement activities
  • -Hear and use various musical instruments
  • -Listen to different kinds of music
  • -Drama
  • -Use imagination (in play–making up stories and songs)
  • -Act out familiar stories and songs
  • -Explore “body language”
  • -Demonstrate feelings through body movement
  • -Language Arts
  • -Instill an enjoyment of books
  • -Learn proper care of books
  • -Develop listening skills
  • -Learn finger plays
  • -Use language to express ideas, feelings and to gain information
  • -Recognize first name
  • -Motor Development
Gross motor Skills
  • Gain general coordination of movement
  • Climb, jump, run, balance on one foot, pedal, throw/catch a ball

Finemotor Skills

  • Do age-appropriate puzzles
  • String beads, place pegs, etc.
  • Pizzles of increasing difficulty
  • Discriminate by color, size, shape
  • Begin to develop ability to discriminate by sight, touch, sound
  • Develop hand-eye coordination
  • Recognize same and different

Social Sciences

  • Learn about families and customs
  • Become aware of different cultures through stories, foods, visitors
  • Learn about various kinds of homes
  • Learn about community helpers
MathRecognize shapes (circle, square, triangle, rectangle)

  • Count by rote to 5 or more
  • Recognize numerals 1–3 (or more)
  • Sort objects
  • Learn 1–1 correspondence
  • Become aware of environment in general
  • Investigate surroundings—indoors and out
  • Recognize seasonal changes
  • Learn about animals, insects, birds
  • Experiment with water, wind, color, ice, heat, plants, magnets
  • Learn about good nutrition, dental health, safetyHold pencil correctly
  • Cut paper with scissors
  • Perception
  • Do puzzles
Ages 4 to 5
Below are the program goals for children in our Preschool Program. Generally by the end of this stage, children may be able to do the following:
Emotional Development

  • Dress and undress self with assistance in some areas, such as tying, snapping and buttoning
  • Care for own possessions and those belonging to the group most of the time
  • Place some toys, materials, etc., in their proper places without constant reminders
  • Learn and accept new routines and changes
  • Deal with emotions in a developmentally appropriate way, most of the time
  • Respond to redirection from staff in a constructive way, most of the time

Social Development & Living

  • Understand and participate as a cooperative member of a small group, most of the time
  • Share toys and equipment, most of the time
  • Make the choice between working alone and in groups and be able to do both at different times
  • Cooperate in some group activities and projects
  • Categorize people, places, events and objects in terms of whether they belong at child care or home
  • Identify various kinds of transportation
  • Understand and participate in the celebration of some national holidays

Physical Development Gross Motor

  • Perform motor skills including sliding, leaping, stopping and running
  • Walk a balance beam
  • Catch a small ball (e.g. softball, tennis ball, etc.)
  • Perform physical fitness exercises such as bending, stretching, reaching, relaxing and breathing, etc
  • Talk about why exercise is important and helps us grow (e.g. muscles, bones, etc.)
  • Use large muscle equipment (e.g. tricycle, slides, etc.)

Fine Motor

  • Use scissors and cut simple patterns
  • Use small paint brushes and narrow line markers
  • Glue or paste small objects in simple patterns
  • Copy a triangle
  • Assemble an 8-11 piece puzzle

Cognitive Development/Concept Development

  • Recognize basic colors: red, blue, yellow, green, orange, purple, white, brown and black
  • Identify similarities and differences of common objects on the basis of color
  • In addition to identifying a circle, square and triangle, identify a rectangle
  • Determine relative size of three objects in terms of big, bigger, biggest and small, smaller, smallest
  • Identify similarities and differences of common objects according to their size and shape
  • Develop an awareness of our five senses
  • Follow a sequence of at least three directions

Verbal and Written Language

  • Recognize and say personal information such as home address and telephone number
  • Give simple directions
  • Make up a story
  • Tell a version of a familiar story (e.g. The Three Bears, etc.)
  • Speak in complete sentences
  • Follow simple instructions
  • Ask for help when needed
  • Incorporate new words learned into everyday vocabulary (e.g. from curriculum and daily living, etc.)
  • Name basic objects and ideas that are important to daily routine (e.g. bathroom, front door, etc.)

Reading Readiness & Literature

  • Name some letters of the alphabet (e.g. upper and lower case)
  • Recognize some sight words in environment (e.g. stop, exit, etc.)
  • Listen and enjoy being read to
  • Answer basic content questions about stories a child has heard
  • Relate the endings of familiar stories (e.g. Peter Rabbit, etc.)
  • Name and tell about characters in stories
  • Recite one or two simple poems or rhymes
  • Relate basic cause and effect from a story child has heard


  • Participate in planting seeds and caring for growing plants
  • Learn about some basic changes, such as ice melting, water boiling
  • Construct simple structures using blocks and other building materials
  • Experience and talk about weather changes in a simple way (e.g. clouds and rain, cold and snow,etc.)
  • Practice basic habits for good health (e.g. wash hands, brush teeth, blow nose, etc.)
  • Help prepare and tell about healthy foods

Premath Skills

  • Rote count from 1-20
  • Recognize most numerals from 1-10
  • Set enough snacks or other objects on a table for at least eight children
  • Identify sets of 0 to 5 objects
  • Identify objects in terms of relative size (e.g. bigger than, smaller than or same size as)
  • Match a number of objects to corresponding items

Art, Music & Movement

  • Use and care for various art materials, including crayons, paste, chalk, clay, finger paints, paint and pencils
  • Use additional art techniques, including drawing, collage, painting, printmaking and simple construction
  • Use simple art forms to entertain self and others (e.g. movement, painting, drama, etc.)
  • Talk about how various songs make him/her feel (e.g. sad, happy, etc.)
  • Participate in a variety of music activities
  • Use free-form movement and/or exercise in response to music